RedHat: RHSA-2019-1189:01 Important: qemu-kvm security update

    Date14 May 2019
    CategoryRed Hat
    347
    Posted ByLinuxSecurity Advisories
    An update for qemu-kvm is now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 Advanced Update Support, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 Telco Extended Update Support, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 Update Services for SAP Solutions.
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    =====================================================================
                       Red Hat Security Advisory
    
    Synopsis:          Important: qemu-kvm security update
    Advisory ID:       RHSA-2019:1189-01
    Product:           Red Hat Enterprise Linux
    Advisory URL:      https://access.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2019:1189
    Issue date:        2019-05-14
    CVE Names:         CVE-2018-12126 CVE-2018-12127 CVE-2018-12130 
                       CVE-2019-11091 
    =====================================================================
    
    1. Summary:
    
    An update for qemu-kvm is now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3
    Advanced Update Support, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 Telco Extended Update
    Support, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 Update Services for SAP
    Solutions.
    
    Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having a security impact
    of Important. A Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base score,
    which gives a detailed severity rating, is available for each vulnerability
    from the CVE link(s) in the References section.
    
    2. Relevant releases/architectures:
    
    Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server AUS (v. 7.3) - x86_64
    Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server E4S (v. 7.3) - ppc64le
    Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server TUS (v. 7.3) - x86_64
    
    3. Description:
    
    Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) is a full virtualization solution for
    Linux on a variety of architectures. The qemu-kvm packages provide the
    user-space component for running virtual machines that use KVM.
    
    Security Fix(es):
    
    * A flaw was found in the implementation of the "fill buffer", a mechanism
    used by modern CPUs when a cache-miss is made on L1 CPU cache. If an
    attacker can generate a load operation that would create a page fault, the
    execution will continue speculatively with incorrect data from the fill
    buffer while the data is fetched from higher level caches. This response
    time can be measured to infer data in the fill buffer. (CVE-2018-12130)
    
    * Modern Intel microprocessors implement hardware-level micro-optimizations
    to improve the performance of writing data back to CPU caches. The write
    operation is split into STA (STore Address) and STD (STore Data)
    sub-operations. These sub-operations allow the processor to hand-off
    address generation logic into these sub-operations for optimized writes.
    Both of these sub-operations write to a shared distributed processor
    structure called the 'processor store buffer'. As a result, an unprivileged
    attacker could use this flaw to read private data resident within the CPU's
    processor store buffer. (CVE-2018-12126)
    
    * Microprocessors use a ‘load port’ subcomponent to perform load operations
    from memory or IO. During a load operation, the load port receives data
    from the memory or IO subsystem and then provides the data to the CPU
    registers and operations in the CPU’s pipelines. Stale load operations
    results are stored in the 'load port' table until overwritten by newer
    operations. Certain load-port operations triggered by an attacker can be
    used to reveal data about previous stale requests leaking data back to the
    attacker via a timing side-channel. (CVE-2018-12127)
    
    * Uncacheable memory on some microprocessors utilizing speculative
    execution may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable information
    disclosure via a side channel with local access. (CVE-2019-11091)
    
    For more details about the security issue(s), including the impact, a CVSS
    score, acknowledgments, and other related information, refer to the CVE
    page(s) listed in the References section.
    
    4. Solution:
    
    For details on how to apply this update, which includes the changes
    described in this advisory, refer to:
    
    https://access.redhat.com/articles/11258
    
    After installing this update, shut down all running virtual machines. Once
    all virtual machines have shut down, start them again for this update to
    take effect.
    
    5. Bugs fixed (https://bugzilla.redhat.com/):
    
    1646781 - CVE-2018-12126 hardware: Microarchitectural Store Buffer Data Sampling (MSBDS)
    1646784 - CVE-2018-12130 hardware: Microarchitectural Fill Buffer Data Sampling (MFBDS)
    1667782 - CVE-2018-12127 hardware: Micro-architectural Load Port Data Sampling - Information Leak (MLPDS)
    1705312 - CVE-2019-11091 hardware: Microarchitectural Data Sampling Uncacheable Memory (MDSUM)
    
    6. Package List:
    
    Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server AUS (v. 7.3):
    
    Source:
    qemu-kvm-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.src.rpm
    
    x86_64:
    qemu-img-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.x86_64.rpm
    qemu-kvm-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.x86_64.rpm
    qemu-kvm-common-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.x86_64.rpm
    qemu-kvm-debuginfo-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.x86_64.rpm
    qemu-kvm-tools-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.x86_64.rpm
    
    Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server E4S (v. 7.3):
    
    Source:
    qemu-kvm-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.src.rpm
    
    ppc64le:
    qemu-img-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.ppc64le.rpm
    qemu-kvm-debuginfo-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.ppc64le.rpm
    
    Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server TUS (v. 7.3):
    
    Source:
    qemu-kvm-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.src.rpm
    
    x86_64:
    qemu-img-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.x86_64.rpm
    qemu-kvm-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.x86_64.rpm
    qemu-kvm-common-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.x86_64.rpm
    qemu-kvm-debuginfo-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.x86_64.rpm
    qemu-kvm-tools-1.5.3-126.el7_3.17.x86_64.rpm
    
    These packages are GPG signed by Red Hat for security.  Our key and
    details on how to verify the signature are available from
    https://access.redhat.com/security/team/key/
    
    7. References:
    
    https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2018-12126
    https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2018-12127
    https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2018-12130
    https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2019-11091
    https://access.redhat.com/security/vulnerabilities/mds
    https://access.redhat.com/security/updates/classification/#important
    
    8. Contact:
    
    The Red Hat security contact is . More contact
    details at https://access.redhat.com/security/team/contact/
    
    Copyright 2019 Red Hat, Inc.
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