How to Rapidly and Accurately Identify and Eliminate Linux Malware
If malware does get downloaded on your system, being able to rapidly and accurately identify and eliminate it is critical to protecting yourself, your users and your files. Luckily, there are various effective open-source tools that can be used to detect and remove malware on your system. They include:
- Linux Malware Detect: Linux Malware Detect is a malware scanner that can be used to detect malware in shared Linux environments. It utilizes threat data from network edge intrusion detection systems to identify and extract malware that is actively being used in attacks and generates signatures for detection. This tool also derives threat data from user submissions and community resources.
- The Rootkit Hunter & Check Rootkit: The Rootkit Hunter (Rkhunter) and Check Rootkit (chkrootkit) are tools that scan local systems, identifying any potentially malicious software such as malware and viruses that masks its existence on a system.
- Volatility: Volatility is an open-source memory forensics framework for incident response and malware analysis.
- Lynis: Lynis is a command-line application that scans a local or remote system to help an auditor identify potential security issues.
- Kali Linux: Kali Linux is a Linux distribution used for penetration testing, ethical hacking and digital forensics. The included security penetration and management tools can be used for network discovery and other research purposes, as well as to identify potential vulnerabilities. Kali Linux includes many of the other tools mentioned here.
- Cuckoo Sandbox is an excellent sandbox for malware analysis. This tool allows you to safely execute possible malware samples, and it provides a comprehensive report on the code executed.