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In Debian, managing user privileges and administrative access is crucial for maintaining a secure and efficient system. By granting users the ability to execute administrative tasks without relying on the root account, you can enhance security, control access to sensitive operations, and maintain an audit trail of user activity.
In the client-server architecture used by the SSH protocol, a client can authenticate by providing a tunneled clear text password or by using a public/private key pair: this is called public key authentication. A user who logs in via a public key on a remote machine has complete access to the command line; in certain situations, however, it may be useful to associate a public key to a single specific command, for security reasons.
Sudo stands for "superuser do" and effectively gives a regular user access to administrator-like powers. Here's how to use this powerful tool.