Two security researchers have recently revealed vulnerabilities that can be exploited remotely to retrieve sensitive data stored inside special computer components known as HSMs (Hardware Security Modules).

HSMs are hardware-isolated devices that use advanced cryptography to store, manipulate, and work with sensitive information such as digital keys, passwords, PINs, and various other sensitive information.

In the real world, they can take the form of add-in computer cards, network-connectable router-like devices, or USB-connected thumb drive-like gadgets.

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