SuSE: 'openssh' Remote Vulnerability

    Date25 Jun 2002
    CategorySuSE
    2138
    Posted ByLinuxSecurity Advisories
    Theo de Raadt announced that the OpenBSD team is working with ISSon a remote exploit for OpenSSH. No details on the type of vulnerability are available at this time, but everyone is advised to upgrade to version 3.3.
    
    ______________________________________________________________________________
    
                            SuSE Security Announcement
    
            Package:                openssh
            Announcement-ID:        SuSE-SA:2002:023
            Date:                   Tue Jun 25 2002
            Affected products:      6.4, 7.0, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 8.0
    				SuSE Linux Database Server,
    				SuSE eMail Server III,
    				SuSE Linux Enterprise Server,
    				SuSE Linux Firewall on CD
            Vulnerability Type:     unknown
            Severity (1-10):        9
            SuSE default package:   yes
    
        Content of this advisory:
    	1) security vulnerability resolved: unknown vulnerability
    	   in the OpenSSH daemon.
               problem description, discussion, solution and upgrade information
            2) pending vulnerabilities, solutions, workarounds
            3) standard appendix (further information)
    
    ______________________________________________________________________________
    
    1)  problem description, brief discussion, solution, upgrade information
    
        There's a new vulnerabilty in the OpenSSH daemon, of which we were
        notified yesterday.
    
        The OpenSSH/OpenBSD team has asked Linux vendors to upgrade their
        platforms to OpenSSH 3.3, and change the configuration to use the
        relatively new "Privilege Separation" code.  According to their
        information, 3.3 does not fix the vulnerability, but using privilege
        separation prevents exploits.
    
        We were not given any additional information on the nature of the
        vulnerability.
    
        Setting PrivilegeSeparation to on causes large portions of the
        daemon to run in a so-called "chroot jail", i.e. in a very restricted
        environment.  An attacker breaking this part of the SSH daemon will
        *not* obtain full root privilege (as he would if sshd ran without
        this option), but will find himself in an empty directory, inside a
        process running as a non privileged user (he can still do some harm
        this way, but it's a far cry from full root powers).
    
        The SuSE security team has prepared RPMs that upgrade OpenSSH to
        version 3.3p1 on all SuSE Linux platforms. Based on the information
        we've been given, we are unable to provide updates containing
        a complete fix, nor can we guarantee that the workaround using
        privilege separation is enough to protect you.
    
        Given these imponderabilities, we suggest to you to take additional
        precautions until details of the vulnerability have been published,
        and we have been able to assess it:
    
         -	if you do not need external access to your SSH daemons,
    	turn off the SSH service on these machine completely, or block
    	external access at the firewall.
    
         -	if you do need external access to your SSH daemons,
    	make sure you restrict the hosts that it will talk to by setting
    	appropriate firewall rules.
    
        If, for some reason, you cannot configure your firewall to
        block external SSH access, you can also restrict access through
        /etc/hosts.allow; the following will allow connections from
        hosts with IP addresses 1.2.3.4, from hosts on the clas C IP
        network 192.168.5.0, and from hosts in the foo.net DNS domain,
        while rejecting any other connections.
    
            sshd : 1.2.3.4 : allow
    	sshd : 192.168.5.0/255.255.255.0 : allow
    	sshd : *.foo.net : allow
    	sshd : ALL : deny
    
        As soon as we are given the relevant details, the SuSE security
        team will publish a follow-up advisory, and another openssh
        update, as required.
    
        Please download the update package for your distribution and
        verify its integrity by the methods listed in section 3) of this
        announcement.
    
        If you are running nscd (enabled by default since SuSE Linux 7.0), the
        name service caching daemon, shut down the daemon prior to upgrading
        (this works around a bug in the groupadd command):
    
            rcnscd stop
    
        Then, install the package using the following command to apply
        the update:
    
        	rpm -Fvh openssh*.rpm
    
        After upgrading, please restart the SSH server by executing the
        following command as super user:
    
    	rcsshd restart
    
        Our maintenance customers are being notified individually. The
        packages are being offered to install from the maintenance web.
    
    
    
        Special notice concerning SuSE Linux 6.4 and 7.0:
    
        SuSE Linux 6.4 ceased to be supported a week or two ago. However,
        given the potential impact of this problem, we decided to issue update
        packages for 6.4 as well. These are in the process of getting built,
        and will show up on our FTP server soon.
    
        Users of SuSE Linux 6.4 and 7.0, please also note that crypto update
        packages for these platforms are always made available through
        ftp.suse.de only, not ftp.suse.com, due to the crypto laws that
        were in effect in the US at the time of the original release of
        the product.
    
    
    
    
        i386 Intel Platform
    
        SuSE-8.0
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/8.0/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-6.i386.patch.rpm
    aa29ca8bcedf674605c69d3ebb20456c
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/8.0/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-6.i386.rpm
    568b475b982721e62f557557c59624fb
        source rpm:
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/8.0/zq1/openssh-3.3p1-6.src.rpm
    5a533bd017d86346986904b0c9e6c3e5
    
        SuSE-7.3
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.3/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-6.i386.rpm
    86b3182d742afba08a99bb04ae91f70f
        source rpm:
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.3/zq1/openssh-3.3p1-6.src.rpm
    4d017a1b4a49d0da63ca18c817961b48
    
        SuSE-7.2
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.2/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-6.i386.rpm
    d559ad7d04162a32c58fa07b480be820
        source rpm:
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.2/zq1/openssh-3.3p1-6.src.rpm
    90a4577e90d31ab9c393269c94f4fe86
    
        SuSE-7.1
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.1/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-6.i386.rpm
    3f5999291e0959ebbc1afbd152d3b1f0
        source rpm:
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.1/zq1/openssh-3.3p1-6.src.rpm
    73c1b72c4616253d8292fad76ef0b41b
    
        SuSE-7.0
         ftp://ftp.suse.de/pub/suse/i386/update/7.0/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-6.i386.rpm
    b670aa96ceaa97a33cd4b2009492e1ea
        source rpm:
         ftp://ftp.suse.de/pub/suse/i386/update/7.0/zq1/openssh-3.3p1-6.src.rpm
    8f77876f90ef86a2e6fb8e23c34fbd6f
    
    
    
        Sparc Platform
    
        SuSE-7.3
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/sparc/update/7.3/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-4.sparc.rpm
    d1306f869119e076bcb1693d8de837e4
        source rpm:
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/sparc/update/7.3/zq1/openssh-3.3p1-4.src.rpm
    6495e65b671b788cb62f8dcfd7f81f45
    
        SuSE-7.1
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/sparc/update/7.1/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-4.sparc.rpm
    ae8c8de1505ed2ac56fc5ec20041819c
        source rpm:
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/sparc/update/7.1/zq1/openssh-3.3p1-4.src.rpm
    16425d92da3c9fa9feeee0322a216b1b
    
        SuSE-7.0
         ftp://ftp.suse.de/pub/suse/sparc/update/7.0/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-4.sparc.rpm
    05a40abfdbd42b5465e367a187a3393c
        source rpm:
         ftp://ftp.suse.de/pub/suse/sparc/update/7.0/zq1/openssh-3.3p1-4.src.rpm
    bf000a597b2cc3b33517887fa50f0504
    
    
    
        AXP Alpha Platform
    
        SuSE-7.1
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/axp/update/7.1/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-4.alpha.rpm
    478503f40c0ef3ed2d5b3ea40dd74e32
        source rpm:
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/axp/update/7.1/zq1/openssh-3.3p1-4.src.rpm
    e8b93a73622386a95497d0418d2bfa50
    
        SuSE-7.0
         ftp://ftp.suse.de/pub/suse/axp/update/7.0/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-4.alpha.rpm
    3001c656fb57915c4bb5dcd5fa8de76d
        source rpm:
         ftp://ftp.suse.de/pub/suse/axp/update/7.0/zq1/openssh-3.3p1-4.src.rpm
    2fd9646fa24b5298d37a79902230c826
    
    
    
        PPC Power PC Platform
    
        SuSE-7.3
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/ppc/update/7.3/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-4.ppc.rpm
    77dd425d361dc084bad50feefdf1f94c
        source rpm:
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/ppc/update/7.3/zq1/openssh-3.3p1-4.src.rpm
    8a928dc956cd107ee91d72fe4b4a8bc6
    
        SuSE-7.1
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/ppc/update/7.1/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-4.ppc.rpm
    ddbc79c387273ddd0da636c7df951c85
        source rpm:
         ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/ppc/update/7.1/zq1/openssh-3.3p1-4.src.rpm
    ef9f5de04c632490fe77b96e06892f01
    
        SuSE-7.0
         ftp://ftp.suse.de/pub/suse/ppc/update/7.0/sec1/openssh-3.3p1-4.ppc.rpm
    67867b11cefc77dca95aaeb130012507
        source rpm:
         ftp://ftp.suse.de/pub/suse/ppc/update/7.0/zq1/openssh-3.3p1-4.src.rpm
    76e2f4d9fb52cc5c7220f52108614542
    ______________________________________________________________________________
    
    2)  Pending vulnerabilities in SuSE Distributions and Workarounds:
    
      - mozilla
        Cross-dependencies between mozilla and other packages in SuSE Linux
        products keep us from providing version upgrades for the mozilla
        packages. Fixing security bugs in our packages is usually done by
        adding the necessary patches to the existing version to ensure the
        compatibility and consistency that is expected from our products.
        In some cases (as with the mozilla package) the complexity of the
        issue does not allow to add patches any more. By consequence,
        security related issues in mozilla cannot be addressed.
        As a service to our user community, we provide packages of newer
        mozilla versions at  ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/projects/mozilla/.
        These packages have been verified to run fine; they are not located
        in the update directory of the distribution in question because
        we cannot make any claims about the compatibility with the other
        packages in the product. Security-aware users are encouraged to
        install the packages from the projects/ directory.
    
      - ghostscript
        Red Hat released a security announcement concerning a problem in
        ghostscript, which could be exploited to gain privilege of the print
        server user. We are investigating whether SuSE Linux is affected.
    
      - kernel netfilter update
        we are in the process of preparing a kernel update that will include
        a security fix for a minor netfilter bug.
    
      - fetchmail
        we are in the process of releasing a security update for fetchmail
        that corrects a vulnerability that could be exploited by hostile
        mail servers.
    
    ______________________________________________________________________________
    
    3)  standard appendix: authenticity verification, additional information
    
      - Package authenticity verification:
    
        SuSE update packages are available on many mirror ftp servers all over
        the world. While this service is being considered valuable and important
        to the free and open source software community, many users wish to be
        sure about the origin of the package and its content before installing
        the package. There are two verification methods that can be used
        independently from each other to prove the authenticity of a downloaded
        file or rpm package:
        1) md5sums as provided in the (cryptographically signed) announcement.
        2) using the internal gpg signatures of the rpm package.
    
        1) execute the command
            md5sum 
    after you downloaded the file from a SuSE ftp server or its mirrors.
           Then, compare the resulting md5sum with the one that is listed in the
           announcement. Since the announcement containing the checksums is
           cryptographically signed (usually using the key This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.),
           the checksums show proof of the authenticity of the package.
           We disrecommend to subscribe to security lists which cause the
           email message containing the announcement to be modified so that
           the signature does not match after transport through the mailing
           list software.
           Downsides: You must be able to verify the authenticity of the
           announcement in the first place. If RPM packages are being rebuilt
           and a new version of a package is published on the ftp server, all
           md5 sums for the files are useless.
    
        2) rpm package signatures provide an easy way to verify the authenticity
           of an rpm package. Use the command
            rpm -v --checksig 
    to verify the signature of the package, where  is the
           filename of the rpm package that you have downloaded. Of course,
           package authenticity verification can only target an uninstalled rpm
           package file.
           Prerequisites:
            a) gpg is installed
            b) The package is signed using a certain key. The public part of this
               key must be installed by the gpg program in the directory
               ~/.gnupg/ under the user's home directory who performs the
               signature verification (usually root). You can import the key
               that is used by SuSE in rpm packages for SuSE Linux by saving
               this announcement to a file ("announcement.txt") and
               running the command (do "su -" to be root):
                gpg --batch; gpg < announcement.txt | gpg --import
               SuSE Linux distributions version 7.1 and thereafter install the
               key "This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it." upon installation or upgrade, provided that
               the package gpg is installed. The file containing the public key
               is placed at the toplevel directory of the first CD (pubring.gpg)
               and at  ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/pubring.gpg-build.suse.de .
    
    
      - SuSE runs two security mailing lists to which any interested party may
        subscribe:
    
        This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
    -   general/linux/SuSE security discussion.
                All SuSE security announcements are sent to this list.
                To subscribe, send an email to
                    <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>.
    
        This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
    -   SuSE's announce-only mailing list.
                Only SuSE's security annoucements are sent to this list.
                To subscribe, send an email to
                    <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>.
    
        For general information or the frequently asked questions (faq)
        send mail to:
            <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.> or
            <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.> respectively.
    
        =====================================================================
        SuSE's security contact is <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.> or <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>.
        The <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.> public key is listed below.
        =====================================================================
    ______________________________________________________________________________
    
        The information in this advisory may be distributed or reproduced,
        provided that the advisory is not modified in any way. In particular,
        it is desired that the cleartext signature shows proof of the
        authenticity of the text.
        SuSE Linux AG makes no warranties of any kind whatsoever with respect
        to the information contained in this security advisory.
    
    Type Bits/KeyID    Date       User ID
    pub  2048R/3D25D3D9 1999-03-06 SuSE Security Team <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
    pub  1024D/9C800ACA 2000-10-19 SuSE Package Signing Key <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
    
    -----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----
    Version: GnuPG v1.0.6 (GNU/Linux)
    Comment: For info see  http://www.gnupg.org
    
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